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3 min read

Meeting Our Audiences Where They Are: Flexible Ticket Models

Meeting Our Audiences Where They Are: Flexible Ticket Models

Performing arts organisations are reporting a decline in subscriptions numbers and revenues since reopening their doors post-pandemic.

Rani Haywood, Senior Vice President of Tom O’Connor Consulting Group, told us they’re seeing this pattern in their client data, and that it has been a much-discussed topic in their monthly Performing Arts Marketing Roundtables. In this blog she offers some advice on how performing arts organisations can respond and experiment with new event ticketing and marketing models.

This content was first presented in February 2023 as part of The Future of Patron Loyalty, a panel event hosted by Spektrix. If you missed out, we've now published the full event online - helping you to explore what customer loyalty means for theatres, cultural venues and touring organisations in the post-pandemic world.



Experimenting with new arts marketing models

The 2022-23 season in North America – and the 2023 season in Australia – is certainly seeing some uptick in both renewing and new subscribers, but the trends seem to indicate that the numbers may not return to pre-pandemic levels. 

At Tom O’Connor Consulting Group (TOCG) we’ve been advising clients on how to respond to the trends, and have been recommending experimenting with new models and approaches including:

  • Extending out the definition of a lapsed subscriber and allowing people to renew into their pre-pandemic seats or packages even three seasons on.
  • Reducing the number of performances required to make up a subscription or package.
  • Adding more flexible packages alongside traditional fixed packages, or phasing out fixed seat subscriptions entirely where acquisition is concerned.
  • Introducing other models such as membership either to replace or complement subscriptions.
  • Shifting marketing budget and effort to single ticket marketing.

The last point is particularly interesting to the team at TOCG, as we work with many of our clients on team structure and resourcing. Recently we’ve found ourselves having conversations with clients about the team and the budget that they need to deliver more robust single ticket campaigns throughout the year as the revenue balance shifts from subscriptions to single ticket purchases.


A customer-centric approach to marketing and ticketing

It used to be that the majority of performing arts companies offered two options for ticket buyers: pre-determined subscription packages bought well in advance or single tickets bought closer to performances. As customer behaviour changed, companies started to respond with more options such as mini packages, flex passes and single ticket bundles. Mostly, these grew around the offerings already available and processes that worked for the company rather than being customer-centric.

Increasingly – and especially where we find ourselves post-pandemic – we believe that arts marketers need to take stock and consider all the ways in which our customers want to engage with their organisation and shape multiple ticket offerings around customer needs. One model that we’ve used with clients follows two dimensions: the level to which customers know what they want to buy and the point at which they want to commit. Below is an example of how a US performing arts company might construct its ticket offerings using this model:

Customers who want to choose dates later prefer flex packs and memberships. Those who want to choose now prefer fixed subscriptions or single tickets.

This model is a fairly simple way for arts marketers to map out what their organisation is currently offering and where the gaps are. We truly believe that an organisation could – and should – be offering all these options alongside each other (at the same time!). Different audiences want to engage differently – and if an audience member doesn’t see an offering that suits their needs and preferences they will be more likely to spend less, rather than opting to spend more. 


What do audiences want when they buy tickets?

As performing arts companies start planning for their upcoming seasons, we encourage our marketing colleagues to ask these questions of their organisation:

  • Are you offering customers ticketing options that live somewhere between subscriptions and single tickets? Or are you asking them to pick solely between these two extremes?
  • Have you asked your audiences how and when they want to commit to buying tickets?
  • How does your organisation acknowledge and reward loyalty? 
  • Do you have the appropriate marketing team and budget to support the shift towards smaller package or single ticket marketing? 
  • Have you, or do you need to, restructure your marketing budget to support multiple ticket offerings?

In summary, we want to win our customers back for our current and upcoming seasons, but we shouldn’t assume that they will engage with us in the same way that they did pre-pandemic. We need to push ourselves and our organisations to question what we are offering and how we could better serve our customers’ needs, and most importantly, find ways to meet our audiences where they are.


This content was first presented in February 2023 as part of The Future of Patron Loyalty, a panel event hosted by Spektrix. View the full recording and slides below.


Rani Haywood is Senior Vice President of Tom O’Connor Consulting Group. TOCG is a New York-based consultancy for arts and cultural institutions and leaders, offering two complementary services: organisational strategy and executive search. For over fifteen years Rani has held senior marketing roles at an array of performing arts and cultural organisations in Australia and the United States, including at The Metropolitan Opera, Roundabout Theatre Company and Sydney Theatre Company.

Rani Haywood 2022